Wednesday, December 21, 2022

What the differences are between the dengue, chikungunya, and zika viruses

 1. A new case of the Zika virus has been identified A 5-year-old girl from Karnataka recently received a diagnosis of the virus, which is spread by Aedes mosquitoes and has distinct symptoms.

Dengue, Zika, and chikungunya are just a few of the vector-borne diseases that have recently increased in various regions of the country.

Viruses carried by mosquitoes are the source of all three of these diseases. For early detection and treatment, it is essential to be aware of the symptoms of all three conditions as well as their differences.

2.Difference in symptoms

 It can be hard to tell the three apart because their symptoms are almost the same.

Experts in the medical field say that chikungunya does not cause maculopapular, itchy rashes, which are more common with the Zika and dengue viruses.

The majority of neurological problems are linked to the Zika virus. In the other two infections, it is uncommon.

Dengue fever, headache, and retro-orbital pain—pain behind the eyes—are common symptoms.

 3.The recovery period varies 

 A dengue patient may require extensive medical care and hospitalization in some instances. Muscle aches and excruciating joint pain are more common. The signs and symptoms of dengue can last for several weeks.

Experts in the medical field say that people who have the chikungunya or zika viruses typically don't need as much medical attention because their symptoms can go away in a few days or weeks.

4.Severity of symptoms

Compared to the other two infections, patients with chikungunya have more severe symptoms like pain and swelling.

Certain individuals stay asymptomatic on account of Zika infection. Patients may also experience conjunctivitis, muscle pain, joint pain, and headaches in other instances.

If you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms, it's critical that you see a doctor right away.

If you are pregnant or have come into contact with, this is especially crucial.

5. Which parts of the body are affected in each case?

 While chikungunya can cause rashes on the face, hands, feet, and limbs, dengue mostly affects the limbs and face.

Most of the time, zika rashes are red spots that can be flat, raised, or both. In most cases, the Zika virus causes only mild symptoms.

6. Difference in vulnerable groups

 According to the epidemiology, all three infections can affect people of any age. However, experts in the field of health claim that children and pregnant women are particularly susceptible to the Zika virus.

Dengue infections can be very bad for the first time, especially for older people and people with medical conditions.

In the case of chikungunya, people who are at a high risk include newborns who were exposed during childbirth, adults over the age of 65, and people who have underlying conditions like hypertension, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease.

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